Special Treatments/Skin Problems and Disorders

Atopic dermatitis (Eczema)

In atopic dermatitis, the skin becomes extremely itchy and inflamed, causing redness, swelling, vesicle formation (minute blisters), cracking, weeping, crusting, and scaling. This type of eruption is termed eczematous. In addition, dry skin is a very common complaint in almost all those afflicted with atopic dermatitis.



Psoriasis is a long-lasting autoimmune disease which is characterized by well-defined erythematous plaques with silvery scales. Thepsoriatic skin patches are typically red, itchy, and scaly. They may vary in severity from small and localized to complete body coverage. Injury to the skin can trigger psoriatic skin changes at that spot. Symptoms worsen during winter and with certain medications. Infections and psychological stress may also play a role .Psoriasis is a non-contiguous skin condition. Psoriasis appears as red or pink areas of thickened, raised, and scaling skin. It classically affects skin over the elbows, knees, and scalp. Although anybody area may be involved, it tends to be more common in areas of trauma, scratching, or abrasions.
Psoriasis may vary in appearance. It most often is small flattened scaly bumps and larger thick plaques of raised red patches of skin.Psoriatic arthritis is a form of chronic inflammatory arthritis that has a highly variable clinical presentation and frequently occurs in association with skin and nail psoriasis. It typically involves painful inflammation of the joints and surrounding connective tissue and can occur in any joint, but most commonly affects the joints of the fingers and toes


Hives (medically known as urticaria) appear on the skin as wheals that are red, very itchy, smoothly elevated areas of skin often with a blanched center. They appear in varying shapes and sizes, from a few millimeters to several inches in diameter anywhere on the body. Ordinary hives flare up suddenly and usually for no specific reason. Welts appear, often in several places. They flare, itch, swell, and go away in a matter of minutes to hours, only to appear elsewhere.


Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cellsand oil from the skin.It is characterized by blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and possible scarring. It primarily affects areas of the skin with a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper part of the chest, and back. The resulting appearance can lead to anxiety, reduced self-esteem and, in extreme cases, depression or thoughts of suicide.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis, is a chronic, relapsing and usually mild dermatitis. It's a skin disorder affecting the scalp, face, torso. Typically, it presents with scaly, flaky, itchy, and red skin. It particularly affects the sebaceous-gland-rich areas of the skin. In adolescents and adults, it usually presents as scalp scaling or as redness of the nasolabial fold. Dandruff is a type of seborrheic dermatitis where inflammation is not present.Seborrheic dermatitis' symptoms appear gradually, and usually the first signs are flaky skin and scalp. Symptoms occur most commonly anywhere on the skin of the scalp, behind the ears, on the face, and in areas where the skin folds. Redness and flaking may also occur on

1. The skin
2. Near the eyelashes,
3. On the forehead,
4. Around the sides of the nose,
5. On the chest,
6. On the upper back.

Commonly, patients experience mild redness, scaly skin lesions and in some cases hair loss. Other symptoms include patchy scaling or thick crusts on the scalp, red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales, itching, soreness and yellow or white scales that may attach to the hair shaft.

Lichen Planus

Lichen planus is a common inflammatory disorder of the skin characterized by a dense band like infiltrate on the skin with intense itching. It is a disease characterized by itchy reddish-purple polygon-shaped skin lesions on the lower back, wrists, and ankles. It may also present with a burning sensation in the mouth.The main causes for Lichen Planus are

  • Viral infections
  • Allergens
  • Stress
  • Hereditary factors
  • Autoimmune disorders.


Cellulitis is a bacterial infection involving the inner layers of the skin. It specifically affects the dermis and subcutaneous fat. Signs and symptoms include an area of redness which increases in size over a few days. The borders of the area of redness are generally not sharp and the skin may be swollen. While the redness often turns white when pressure is applied, this is not always the case. The area of infection is usually painful. Lymphatic vessels may occasionally be involved, and the person may have a fever and feel tired.
The legs and face are the most common sites involved, though cellulitis can occur on any part of the body. The leg is typically affected following a break in the skin.

Heel fissures

Heel fissures, also known as cracked heels can be a simple cosmetic problem and a nuisance, but can also lead to serious medical problems. Heel fissures occur when the skin on the bottom, outer edge of the heel becomes hard, dry and flaky, sometimes causing deep fissures that can be painful or bleed. Heel fissures can affect anyone, but risk factors include:

1. Dry climate
2. Obesity
3. Consistently walking barefoot or wearing sandals or open-backed shoes
4. Inactive sweat glands.

Like many foot conditions, heel fissures can become more dangerous if they go untreated and become deep or infected. This is especially dangerous for people with diabetes or compromised immune systems.

Lichen simplex chronicus

Lichen simplex chronicusalso known as Neurodermitis is a skin disorder characterized by chronic itching and scratching. The constant scratching causes thick, leathery, darkened skin. This condition is associated with many factors, including the scratch-itch cycle, psychological stressors, etc. People burdened with LSC have severe itching, followed by uncontrollable scratching of the same body region, excessively. Most common sites of LSC are the sides of the neck, the scalp, ankles, vulva, pubis, scrotum, and extensor sides of the forearms. The skin may become thickened and hyperpigmented as a direct result of chronic scratching. Typically, this period of increased scratching is associated with stressors.