It can be described as a pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck.Headache is a frequently encountered neurological symptom but seldom associated with significant neurological disease unless accompanied by other symptoms. Frequent headaches affect relationships and employment. There is also an increased risk of depression in persons with severe headaches.
Headaches can occur because of many conditions.
Causes of headaches includes
Cluster headache (CH) is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent, severe headaches on one side of the head, typically around the eye. There is often accompanying eye watering, nasal congestion, or swelling around the eye, on the affected side. This can last for 15 minutes to 3 hours.Attacks often occur in clusters. Risk factors include a history of exposure to tobacco smoke and a family history of the condition. The symptoms of Cluster headache are as follows:
Tension headache, is the most common type of primary headache. The pain can radiate from the lower back of the head, the neck, eyes, or other muscle groups in the body typically affecting both sides of the head. Tension-type headache pain is often described as a constant pressure, as if the head were being squeezed. The pain is frequently present on both sides of the head at the same time. Tension-type headache pain is typically mild to moderate, but may be severe.
Tension-type headaches can be episodic or chronic. Tension-type headaches can last from minutes to days, months or even years, though a typical tension headache lasts 4–6 hours. Tension-type headaches may be caused by
Migraine is a condition marked by recurring moderate to severe headache with throbbing pain that usually lasts from four hours to three days, typically begins on one side of the head but may spread to both sides, is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light or sound, and is sometimes preceded by an aura and is often followed by fatigue. This throbbing type of headache is distinguished by the fact that symptoms other than pain occur with the headache. Nausea and vomiting, lightheadedness, sensitivity to light (photophobia), and other visual disturbances are common migraine symptoms.
Sinuses are air-filled spaces inside forehead, cheekbones, and behind the bridge of nose. When they get inflamed by an allergic reaction or an infection, they swell, make more mucus, and the channels that drain them can get blocked. This builds a pressure inside the sinuses. The build-up of pressure in sinuses causes pain that feels like a headache. Sinus headache is associated with a deep and constant pain in the cheekbones, forehead, or bridge of the nose. The pain usually gets worse with sudden head movement or straining and occurs with other acute sinus symptoms, such as nasal discharge, foul taste in the mouth, feeling of fullness in the ears, fever, facial swelling, and pain over the involved sinuses.
A head injury is a broad term that describes a vast array of injuries that occur to the scalp, skull, brain, and underlying tissue and blood vessels in the head. Head injuries are also commonly referred to as brain injury, or traumatic brain injury (TBI), depending on the extent of the head trauma.
Mild head injury
Moderate to severe head injury (requires immediate medical attention) - symptoms may include any of the above plus