Allergic Rhinitis is an IgE mediated immunologic response of nasal mucosa to air borne allergens and is characterized by
As the person will get exposed to allergens as pollution and climatic changes, which are more now days they will get used to these symptoms and it will become part of their daily life. People affected by Allergic Rhinitis takes antihistamines or decongestants for getting symptomatic relief and won’t consider it seriously until and unless it leads to sinusitis, asthma etc. which are the complications of Allergic Rhinitis.
Sinusitis affects a tremendous proportion of the population, accounts for millions of visits to primary care physicians each year, and is the fifth leading diagnosis for which antibiotics are prescribed.
Sinusitis is typically classified by duration of illness
By etiology It is classified as
Commonly presenting symptoms of sinusitis include
Thick, purulent or discolored nasal discharge is often thought to indicate bacterial sinusitis but also occurs early in viral infections such as the common cold and is not specific to bacterial infection. Other nonspecific manifestations include
Rhino-sinusitis refers to an inflammatory condition involving the four paired structures surrounding the nasal cavities. Although most cases of sinusitis involve more than one sinus, the maxillary sinus is most commonly involved; next, in order of frequency, are the ethmoid, frontal, and sphenoid sinuses. Normally, mucus does not accumulate in the sinuses, which remain mostly sterile despite their adjacency to the bacterium-filled nasal passages. When the sinuses are obstructed the secretions can be retained, producing the typical signs and symptoms of sinusitis. As these secretions accumulate with obstruction, they become more susceptible, which is called as a sinus infection or Rhino-sinusitis
In rare case, infection may spread to brain causing Abscesses, meningitis, and other life-threatening conditions. In such cases, the patient may experience mild personality changes, headache, altered consciousness, visual problems, and, finally, seizures, coma, and death.
Nasal polyps (NP) are noncancerous growths within the nose or sinuses. . The growths are sac-like, movable, and non tender. They typically occur in both nostrils in those who are affected. They occur more commonly among people who have allergies, cystic fibrosis, aspirin sensitivity, or certain infections. They are overgrowths of the mucous membranes. Symptoms due to Nasal polyp are:
Tinnitus is the hearing of sound when no external sound is present. It is often described as a ringing; it can also be heard like a clicking, hiss or roaring. Rarely, unclear voices or music are heard. The sound may be soft or loud, low pitched or high pitched and appear to be coming from one ear or both. Most of the time, it comes on gradually. Sometimes the condition can cause depression or anxiety and can interfere with concentration.
Tinnitus is not a disease but a symptom that can result from a number of underlying causes. One of the most common causes is noise-induced hearing loss. Other causes include:
The diagnosis of tinnitus is usually based on the person's description
A balance disorder is a discomfort that causes an individual to feel unsteady on standing or walking. It may be accompanied by feelings of giddiness, or having a sensation of movement, spinning, or floating. Balance is the result of several body systems working together: the visual system (eyes), vestibular system (ears) and proprioception (the body's sense of where it is in space). Degeneration or loss of function in any of these systems can lead to balance deficits.
When balance is impaired, an individual has difficulty in maintaining orientation. The symptoms may be recurring or relatively constant. The main symptoms in balance disorder are:
The symptoms may appear and disappear over short time periods or may last for a longer period.
Otomycosis is a fungal ear infection, a superficial mycotic infection of the outer ear canal. The infection may be either subacute or acute and is characterized by